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# A cheap digital light meter

I’ve been playing around trying to repair a lovely old Weston light meter (of which more anon). I also have a variety of other old light meters, all of which read slightly differently. I do have one meter that I bought new, but it’s getting to be as old as its owner. So which one is to be the reference standard against which I can test and adjust the rest?

The simple answer would be to buy a new meter. But that’s expensive and, well, easy.

Then I had a stroke of clever. Commercial illumination meters are much cheaper than photographic light meters, but they read in Lux. A quick search online found that there is a Lux to EV conversion (Lux is two to the power of EV times 2.5 – don’t panic: clever people have done the sums already). So I splashed out on a Chinese-made luxmeter for under a tenner delivered.

Amazingly, the intercontinental postal system is up and running again. What I got was a chunky gadget about the size of a TV remote.

The meter can read from 0.1 to 200,000 Lux, which is about -4 to 16 EV. That’s a useful range. My little book of notes tells me that -4 is ‘night away from city lights or subject lit by half-moon’ and 16 is ‘subject in bright daylight on sand or snow’. EV 15 is where the sunny 16 rule applies. So basically this meter could cover everything I am likely to encounter.

My next job then was to build a Lux to EV converter. Now Lux is a logarithmic or exponential scale. We should all be familiar with exponential curves by now but what it means is that while EV 1 is only 5 Lux, EV 13 is 10,240 Lux. The meter handles this fine by switching scales but I was going to need to build a little conversion table on a card. My ideal would be a circular table like you get on an old light meter so that you can dial-up the reading and the ISO and see all the exposure combinations. The straight table to convert Lux to EV at 100 ISO is easy, as is the table that gives the options at different ISO – see lower below. The circular calculator took longer. I had to work out how many layers of disk I needed and what was on each layer. One of the scales also had to progress around the disk in the opposite direction to the others.

After a few attempts I got it right. I took a reading with the luxmeter and converted it to a shutter speed and aperture. I took a reading with my best meter, the Sekonic, at the same place and ISO. And they matched. Result! My Sonic meter is accurate, I have a tool to test the others with and I have a new digital light meter. Go me!

I will get hold of some plastic sheet and see if I can make a better version of my wheel calculator. In the meantime it’s actually easier to print a small card with the Lux to EV conversion on one side and some common starter values for each EV and ISO on the other.

The advantage of using a card is that you can also add a rangefinder to it.

Enjoy!

## Author: fupduckphoto

Still wishing I knew what was going on.

## 14 thoughts on “A cheap digital light meter”

1. Sap_ateira says:

Now this is exactly what I was searching for. A decent light meter that is not expensive (and is not an app in a smartphone), and that can measure more accurately (or in lower light conditions) than the camera-meter of my SLR. Already ordered one! Excited to try this out.

1. You will have to convert from lux to EV, but it’s easy enough to do.

2. Leo says:

Can you make an instruction on ‘how to make the paper wheel’.

1. OK. I’ll post some pictures of the three layers as a postscript to the article.

1. Leo says:

Thanks! I really appreciate it. Please let me know when it’s done.

2. D’oh! I fished the calculator wheel I made out of storage and luckily had a look at it before posting. I made a mistake. It works fine at 100 ISO but fails to make the corrections for different ISO. Having had a play, I think I need to use two layers rather than three. I hadn’t spotted it because I normally just carry a small printed card with the Lux to EV table on one side and a single set of speed and aperture for common ISOs and EV on the other. It fits in my pocket more easily, so I haven’t used the calculator wheel enough to spot it only worked for 100 ISO. Sorry – back to the drawing board.

3. I’ve given it some think, and I can see how to do it with three layers. Give me a while to do some cutting-out and twaeking and I think I may have cracked it.

4. Leo says:

I’m patient 😉
Ansd indeed: tere are four vaiarbels: EV/LuxX, ISO, shutterspeed and diafragma. The last three generate an exposure triangle for each EV/Lux.

5. I have updated the post to show the components and the assembled paper calculator wheel.

6. Leo says:

I gave the wheel a try.
But I miss one possibility:

For a certain Lux/Ev I want to select Iso, speed and difragma.

I think you need four wheels?

3. D P says:

How is your experience with this device so far, are you happy with it?

1. Pretty much. It works well and seems accurate. There’s an extra step in converting lux to camera settings but a little printed table works and weighs nothing. It works though, and it’s not expensive. These are things I like.

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